What is Type 2 Diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic condition and approximately 30 million Americans live with it. People with type 1 or 2 tend to have higher than normal sugar levels, but the causes and the way the condition develops are different.
Type 2 Diabetes
According to Mayo Clinic, type 2 diabetes is a chronic illness that affects the way your body metabolizes glucose (sugar). If you have type 2 diabetes, your body is either not producing enough insulin or your body is battling the insulin’s work.
Insulin, the hormone that regulates the movement of sugar in your cells, is produced by your pancreas and it’s the driver that helps your cells absorb glucose, which is the fuel your cells need to function properly. Glucose either comes from the food you eat or produced by your liver. It is then absorbed into the bloodstream and has the ultimate goal of reaching and entering your cells. Think of insulin as a key that opens the cell door for glucose to go in.
If your liver is not producing enough insulin, then glucose is not reaching your cells. On the other hand, you may be producing enough insulin but your cells are resisting its work and are not absorbing enough glucose. Either way, your cells are starving.
Symptoms of this condition develop slowly and people who have diabetes are often not aware they have it. Common symptoms of type 2 diabetes are:
- Blurred vision
- Increased hunger and thirst
- Frequent urination and infections
- Slow-healing sores
- Weight loss
The exact causes for the development of type 2 diabetes are not clear. However, there are several factors that increase its risk such as: being overweight and inactive, having a family history of type 2 diabetes, race and age. Left untreated, type 2 diabetes can damage your heart, nerves, eyes, kidneys, blood vessels, and other major organs.
If you or someone you love has been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, you are not alone. BFHC Research is seeking volunteers to participate in type 2 diabetes clinical research trials. Qualified participants will receive study-related care and medication by board-certified physicians. They will also have access to potential new treatment options, compensation for time and travel, and a better understanding of the condition. A research study may be an option, click the button below to learn more.
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